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Arch Sex Behav. 2019 Oct 30. doi: 10.1007/s10508-019-1454-1. [Epub ahead of print]

Navigating the Long Road Forward for Maximizing PrEP Impact Among Adolescent Men Who Have Sex with Men.

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Department of Prevention and Community Health, George Washington University, 950 New Hampshire Ave., NW, 3rd Floor, Washington, DC, 20052, USA.
Institute for Sexual and Gender Minority Health and Wellbeing, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA.


Preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has tremendous potential to decrease new HIV infections among populations at high risk, such as men who have sex with men (MSM). That potential is already becoming realized among adult MSM, where PrEP uptake has increased rapidly in the past several years. However, expanding PrEP access to adolescent MSM (AMSM) will be more challenging. This commentary reviews the existing scientific literature relevant to PrEP use for AMSM and highlights critical areas in need of further attention before PrEP is likely to impact the HIV epidemic among adolescents. We highlight concerns that need to be addressed in the areas of (1) achieving adequate coverage of PrEP in the adolescent population, (2) increasing awareness and access, (3) supporting adherence and maintenance, and (4) ensuring that PrEP does not perpetuate existing disparities. Across all of these domains, we highlight the central roles of parents and healthcare providers in supporting AMSM PrEP utilization. Finally, we suggest a number of areas of future research that must be addressed before PrEP is likely to see wide implementation among AMSM.


Adolescents; HIV; Men who have sex with men; PrEP; Preexposure prophylaxis; Sexual orientation


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