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Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2019 Oct 29. doi: 10.1089/fpd.2019.2712. [Epub ahead of print]

Comparison of Meat Juice Serology and Bacteriology for Surveillance of Salmonella in the Brazilian Pork Production Chain.

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Departamento de Veterinária, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, MG, Brazil.
Universidade Federal do Paraná - Setor Palotina, Departamento de Ciências Veterinárias, Palotina, PR, Brazil.
Embrapa Suínos e Aves, Concórdia, SC, Brazil.


This study assessed an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) based assay to detect Salmonella in swine as a potential tool to predict the presence of Salmonella in swine carcasses. The following samples were collected from 10 swine batches: blood (n = 100); environment (barn floor, n = 10, and lairage floor, n = 10); meat juice (n = 100, obtained after defrosting of diaphragm); tonsils (n = 100); mesenteric lymph nodes (MLNs) (n = 100); and carcasses after bleeding (n = 100), after singeing (n = 100), after evisceration (n = 100), and after final rinsing (n = 100). Blood and meat juice were subjected to ELISA to detect antibodies against Salmonella, and other samples were subjected to Salmonella detection by ISO 6579. Salmonella was detected in 3 samples from barn floors, 7 lairage floors, 45 tonsils, 43 MLNs and in 3 carcasses. Based on ELISA, Salmonella positive samples were: 86 and 46 blood serum (20% and 40% cut-offs) and 68 and 46 meat juice (20% and 40% cut-offs). Optical density readings from blood serum and meat juice presented a high and significant correlation (r = 0.93, p < 0.001), and a substantial agreement for Salmonella detection (K = 0.69, ELISA 40% cut-off). The agreement between ELISA and microbiological analysis for Salmonella detection in pig carcasses were absent or poor, with the exception of results obtained by ELISA 40% cut-off from blood serum and meat juice with MLNs (K = 0.49 and 0.50, respectively) and tonsils (K = 0.29 and 0.30, respectively). Based on the obtained results, meat juice can be considered an alternative to blood serum as a matrix for ELISA for preliminary detection of Salmonella, allowing the identification of potential sources of contamination during slaughtering.


ELISA; Salmonella; conventional isolation; pig; surveillance


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