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Int J Med Educ. 2019 Oct 25;10:195-202. doi: 10.5116/ijme.5d9b.1e88.

Evaluating the effectiveness of video cases to improve patient-centeredness in psychiatry: a quasi-experimental study.

Author information

1
Centre for Health Sciences Education, Faculty of Health, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.
2
Psychosis Research Unit, Aarhus University Hospital Psychiatry, Denmark.
3
Corporate HR, MidtSim, Central Denmark Region, Aarhus, Denmark.
4
Copenhagen Academy for Medical Education and Simulation at Rigshospitalet, Capital Region of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Abstract

Objectives:

To evaluate the effectiveness of including interactive video-based patient cases in preparatory lectures on medical students' patient-centredness and attitudes towards psychiatry.

Methods:

This study was designed as a quasi-experimental intervention study. A preparatory lecture on diagnostic interviewing was given to 204 fourth-year medical students before a 4-week psychiatry clerkship. The students were divided into two groups. One group (n=102) received a preparatory lecture including an interactive video case portraying a doctor performing a diagnostic interview with a simulated patient (intervention group). The other group (n=102) received a conventional preparatory lecture using text-based instructional material (control group). We conducted a paired sample t-test to compare the students' confidence in exhibiting patient-centred communication and their attitudes towards psychiatry before receiving the preparatory lecture and after having completed a minimum of three weeks of clerkship training.

Results:

A total of 102 students, 51 in each group, completed a questionnaire at both measurement points. In the intervention group, we found a statistically significantly difference for the students' patient-centredness before (M=69.4, SD=10.0) and after (M=73.8, SD=8.6) the intervention t(97)=2.38, p= 0.02, but no changes in attitudes t(98) =1.07, p=0.28. In the control group, we found no changes in patient-centredness or attitudes.

Conclusions:

Video cases in preparatory lectures appear to be better than text-based material at improving students' patient-centredness in psychiatry. However, neither video cases nor text-based material seem to influence the students' attitudes.

KEYWORDS:

medical students; patient-centredness; psychiatry; teaching; video cases

PMID:
31658442
DOI:
10.5116/ijme.5d9b.1e88
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