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Medicine (Baltimore). 2019 Oct;98(43):e17655. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000017655.

Rationale and design to assess the efficacy and safety of HT047 in patients with acute ischemic stroke: A multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, phase II trial.

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Department of Neurology, Kyung Hee University Hospital.
Department of Herbal Pharmacology, Kyung Hee University College of Korean Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.



Though several neuroprotective agents have been evaluated as potential treatments for acute ischemic stroke, none have demonstrated a definitive treatment efficacy, which remains elusive. HT047 is an herbal extract of Scutellaria baicalensis and Pueraria lobata, both of which have been widely used to treat ischemic stroke in traditional Korean medicine. The aims of this trial are to investigate whether HT047 can improve neurologic status, particularly motor function, in acute ischemic stroke patients, and to determine the safety of HT047.


A multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, 3-arm parallel group, phase II trial will be conducted in patients who have had an acute ischemic stroke within the past 14 days. The participating patients must have a Fugl-Meyer assessment (FMA) motor score ≤55, with arm or leg weakness, and Korean version of the National Institutes of Health Stroke scale (K-NIHSS) score of ≥4 and ≤15. Seventy-eight participants will be randomized in a 1:1:1 ratio and given high-dose HT047 (750 mg 3 times a day), low-dose HT047 (500 mg 3 times a day), or a placebo for 12 weeks. The primary endpoint is the change in FMA motor score between baseline and week 12. Secondary endpoints are as follows: the change in FMA motor score at weeks 4 and 8 from baseline; the change in FMA motor score at weeks 4, 8, and 12 from baseline according to the timing of treatment initiation (either within 1 week, or 1-2 weeks), or according to the presence of prognostic risk factors (hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, etc); the change in K-NIHSS and Korean versions of the modified Rankin scale (K-mRS) and the modified Barthel index at weeks 4 and 12 from baseline; and the proportion of subjects at week 12 with a K-NIHSS score of 0 to 2, or with K-mRS scores of 0, ≤1, and ≤2.


This study is a 1st-in-human trial of HT047 to explore the efficacy and safety in acute ischemic stroke patients. The results will provide the appropriate dosage and evidence of therapeutic benefit of HT047 for stroke recovery.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: (NCT02828540) Registered July 11, 2016.

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