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J Orthod Sci. 2019 Oct 4;8:17. doi: 10.4103/jos.JOS_26_19. eCollection 2019.

Effects of different deproteinizing agents on topographic features of enamel and shear bond strength - An in vitro study.

Author information

1
Dentalign Mutlispeciality Dental Clinic and Orthodontic Care Centre, Private Practitioner, Panipat, Haryana, India.
2
Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Yamuna Institute of Dental Sciences, Yamuna Nagar, Haryana, India.
3
Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Hazaribag College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Jharkhand, India.
4
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Surrender Dental College, Ganganagar, Rajasthan, India.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To evaluate and compare the effect of different enamel deproteinizing agents on topographic features of enamel and shear bond strength before acid etching.

MATERIALS AND METHOD:

In total, 120 sound human maxillary premolars were taken and divided into three groups: Group 1 control (37% phosphoric acid (H3PO4), Group 2, (5.25% Sodium Hypochlorite (NaOCl)+ 37% H3PO4, and Group 3, (10% Papain gel + 37% H3PO4). These groups were further divided into A and B subgroups. In subgroups 1A, 2A, and 3A (n30) topographic features were evaluated using Scanning electron microscope (SEM) at different magnifications. Insub-groups 1B, 2B, and 3B (n90) metal brackets were bonded with Transbond™ XT, and all the samples were subjected for Shear Bond Strength (SBS) evaluation using universal testing machineat a cross speed of 0.5 mm2/min. The failure mode was analyzed using adhesive remnant index (ARI). Statistical analysis was done using one-way ANOVA for the shear bond strength, and Kruskal-Wallis test followed by Mann-Whitneywas performed for ARI scores.

RESULTS:

SEM showed predominance of type 3 etching pattern in control Group (1A) and type 1 and type 2 in deproteinizedGroups (2A and 3A). Mean values of shear bond strength showed statistically significant differences between evaluated groups (P < 0.005). The lowest and highest shear bond strength was attributed to Group 1B (Control) and 3B (10% papain gel), respectively. Statisticallysignificant differences were noted for the mean ARI scores between control and deproteinized group (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

10% papain geland 5.25% NaOCl can be used as deproteinizing agents on enamel surface before acid etchingto enhance the shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets.

KEYWORDS:

Adhesive remnant index; deproteinization; phosphoric acid; scanning electron microscope; shear bond strength

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