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J Nutr Health Aging. 2019;23(9):829-836. doi: 10.1007/s12603-019-1261-3.

Effect of a Resistance Training Program on Sarcopenia and Functionality of the Older Adults Living in a Nursing Home.

Author information

1
Rebeca Monroy Torres, Department of Medicine and Nutrition, Universidad de Guanajuato, Campus León, Street Name and Number: Blvd. Puente del Milenio 1001; Fraccionamiento del Predio de San Carlos, City, State, Postal code, Country: León, Guanajuato, postal code 37670, México, Tel: +52 (477) 2674900, ext 3677, E-mail: rmonroy79@gmail.com.

Abstract

IMPORTANCE:

There are currently few evidence about resistance training as a treatment for sarcopenia in the nursing home setting.

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the effect of a resistance training program on the sarcopenia and functionality of the elderly living in a nursing home.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS:

A blinded longitudinal intervention study conducted in elderly people living in a nursing home from August to November 2016. Participants included a convenience sample of 19 older adults.

INTERVENTION:

We prescribed a resistance exercise program three times a week for 12 weeks. The scheme was two to three sets with eight to 15 repetitions per exercise.

MAIN OUTCOME AND MEASURES:

The primary outcome was an increase in muscle strength and an improvement in physical performance of the elderly people living in nursing homes.

RESULTS:

19 older adults between 77.7 ± 8.9 years old, completed the 12 week resistance exercise program achieving a significant increase in muscle strength to 5.7 Kg (p = 0.0001) as well as nutritional intake for the first four weeks (p = 0.001); we found an improvement in physical performance (p = 0.0001) in balance (p = 0.0001), chair stand (p = 0.036) and gait speed (p = 0.0001). Of the 47.4% that reached sarcopenia degree, in the end it was 33.3%. A relationship with nutritional status (p = 0.004) and age (p = 0.019) was found with the initial and final handgrip strength (p = 0.041).

CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE:

The resistance training program improves the functionality (muscle strength and physical performance), with the benefit of the decrease in severe sarcopenia.

KEYWORDS:

Resistance exercise; community-dwelling; elderly people; sarcopenia

PMID:
31641732
DOI:
10.1007/s12603-019-1261-3

Conflict of interest statement

The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare

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