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Ethn Dis. 2019 Oct 17;29(4):609-616. doi: 10.18865/ed.29.4.609. eCollection 2019 Fall.

Patterns of Health Care Utilization Before First Episode Psychosis in Racial and Ethnic Groups.

Author information

1
Kaiser Permanente Southern California Department of Research and Evaluation, Pasadena, CA.
2
Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR.
3
Kaiser Permanente Colorado Institute for Health Research, Denver, CO.
4
Kaiser Permanente Washington Health Research Institute, Seattle, WA.
5
Kaiser Permanente Northern California Division of Research (Emeritus), Oakland, CA.

Abstract

Objective:

To compare patterns of health care utilization associated with first presentation of psychosis among different racial and ethnic groups of patients.

Design:

The study was a retrospective observational design.

Setting:

The study was conducted in five health care systems in the western United States. All sites were also part of the National Institute of Mental Health-funded Mental Health Research Network (MHRN).

Participants:

Patients (n = 852) were aged 15 - 59 years (average 26.9 ± 12.2 years), 45% women, and primarily non-Hispanic White (53%), with 16% Hispanic, 10% non-Hispanic Black, 6% Asian, 1% Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander, 1% Native American/ Alaskan Native, and 12% unknown race/ethnicity.

Main Outcome Measures:

Variables examined were patterns of health care utilization, type of comorbid mental health condition, and type of treatment received in the three years before first presentation of psychosis.

Methods:

Data abstracted from electronic medical records and insurance claims data were organized into a research virtual data warehouse (VDW) and used for analysis.

Results:

Compared with non-Hispanic Whites, Asian patients (16% vs 34%; P=.007) and non-Hispanic Black patients (20% vs 34%; P=.009) were less likely to have a visit with specialty mental health care before their first presentation of psychosis.

Conclusions:

Early detection of first episode psychosis should start with wider screening for symptoms outside of any indicators for mental health conditions for non-Hispanic Black and Asian patients.

KEYWORDS:

First Episode Psychosis; Mental Health Research Network; Virtual Data Warehouse

PMID:
31641328
PMCID:
PMC6802164
[Available on 2020-04-17]
DOI:
10.18865/ed.29.4.609

Conflict of interest statement

Competing Interests: None declared.

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