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J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2019 Oct 23:1932296819883332. doi: 10.1177/1932296819883332. [Epub ahead of print]

Predictors of Time-to-Repeat Point-of-Care Glucose Following Hypoglycemic Events in Hospitalized Patients.

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Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, & Metabolism, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.
Diabetes Research Institute, Mills-Peninsula Medical Center, San Mateo, CA, USA.



Previous studies have shown low adherence to the recommendation to repeat point-of-care glucose (POCG) within 15 minutes following the treatment of inpatient hypoglycemia. We sought to evaluate whether patient and clinical factors may predict time-to-repeat (TTR) POCG following hypoglycemic events in hospitalized adult patients.


This was a retrospective cross-sectional analysis of 22 226 index hypoglycemic (≤70 mg/dL) readings (of 993 395 total POCG samples) from 6226 hospital admissions within the Johns Hopkins Health System over three years. Time-to-repeat was defined as the difference in time (minutes) between the index POCG and the next POCG sample. Multivariable logistic regression was used to evaluate the association of TTR with clinical, patient, and hospital factors.


The median (IQR) TTR was 49 (25-119) minutes, and 14.1% of index POCGs had a TTR ≤15. Severity of hypoglycemia, intensive care unit (ICU), intermediate care (IMC) and pediatrics admissions, and dextrose or glucagon administration were associated with higher adjusted odds of TTR ≤15 minutes. Admission to community hospitals, procedural units, surgery, and labor and delivery was associated with lower adjusted odds of TTR ≤15 minutes. Age, sex, insulin on board, secretagogue use, diabetes type, nutritional status, previous POCG value, and glycemic variability were not significantly associated.


There is low adherence to the recommendation to repeat a POCG within 15 minutes following the treatment of inpatient hypoglycemia, which may be mediated by both patient and hospital factors. Further studies are needed to understand the mediators and implications of this practice variability.


glucose; hypoglycemia; inpatient; point-of-care; time-to-repeat


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