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Indian J Ophthalmol. 2019 Nov;67(11):1793-1799. doi: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_1841_18.

Vertical rectus transposition procedures for lateral rectus palsy: A systematic review.

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Squint and Neuro-Ophthalmology Services, Dr Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.


Multiple transposition procedures have been described for management of lateral rectus palsy. However, relative effect and indications of each procedure are unclear. This systematic review was planned to evaluate functional and anatomical outcomes of vertical rectus transposition (VRT) surgery in patients with lateral rectus palsy. We searched databases in English language, namely, MEDLINE, PubMed Central, EMBASE, Google Scholar, Scopus, and Index Copernicus without any date restrictions in electronic searches, using the search words 'vertical rectus transposition for lateral rectus palsy," "vertical rectus transposition for abducens palsy," "superior rectus transposition," "inferior rectus transposition," and "Hummelsheim procedure." References of the selected publications were also searched to find any relevant studies. We searched for studies that provided data on single VRT and double VRT surgeries for lateral rectus palsies. Three authors independently assessed the related studies gathered from electronic and manual searches. We found 27 studies which were relevant to the review question. As there were no randomized control trials (RCTs) available related to our study question, nonrandomized studies were used to arrive at summarization of outcomes of different transposition procedures. There is a need for prospective RCTs to investigate the different types of transposition procedures for lateral rectus palsy.


Inferior rectus palsy; lateral rectus palsy; superior rectus palsy; transposition; vertical rectus palsy


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There are no conflicts of interest.

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