Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Biochem Pharmacol. 2019 Oct 17:113673. doi: 10.1016/j.bcp.2019.113673. [Epub ahead of print]

Schisantherin A induces cell apoptosis through ROS/JNK signaling pathway in human gastric cancer cells.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Oncology, First Affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College, Anhui Province Key Laboratory of Translational Cancer Research, Bengbu Medical College, Bengbu, Anhui Province 233004, PR China.
2
Engineering Research Center of Cell & Therapeutic Antibody, Ministry of Education, School of Pharmacy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, PR China. Electronic address: mr.right@alumni.sjtu.edu.cn.
3
Engineering Research Center of Cell & Therapeutic Antibody, Ministry of Education, School of Pharmacy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, PR China. Electronic address: ydhfighting@alumni.sjtu.edu.cn.
4
Department of Medical Oncology, First Affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College, Anhui Province Key Laboratory of Translational Cancer Research, Bengbu Medical College, Bengbu, Anhui Province 233004, PR China; Engineering Research Center of Cell & Therapeutic Antibody, Ministry of Education, School of Pharmacy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, PR China; Jiangsu Center for the Collaboration and Innovation of Cancer Biotherapy, Cancer Institute, Xuzhou Medical University, Xuzhou 221004, PR China. Electronic address: fengqian@sjtu.edu.cn.

Abstract

Gastric cancer is one of the most lethal cancers with unmet clinical treatment and low 5-year survival rate. Schisantherin A is a major compound derived from Fructusschisandrae while its anti-tumor role remains nearly unknown. Here, we reported that schisantherin A had an anti-proliferation effect on gastric cancer cell lines MKN45 and SGC-7901. Schisantherin A induced cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase and cell apoptosis, and inhibited cell migration in gastric cancer MKN45 and SGC7901 cells. Meanwhile, upregulation of cleaved caspase-9, cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved PARP were accompanied with the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP). Moreover, schisantherin A induced ROS-dependent JNK phosphorylation with higher ROS production. The JNK inhibitor and ROS scavenger NAC rescued the cell apoptosis and cycle inhibition elicited by schisantherin A. Furthermore, the expression level of antioxidant factor Nrf2 was suppressed by schisantherin A. These findings suggest that schisantherin A possesses an anti-tumor activity via activation of ROS/JNK with Nrf2 inhibition, indicating that schisantherin A is a promising chemotherapeutic candidate for gastric cancer.

KEYWORDS:

Apoptosis; Gastric cancer; JNK; ROS; Schisantherin A

PMID:
31629709
DOI:
10.1016/j.bcp.2019.113673

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center