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Arch Bronconeumol. 2019 Oct 16. pii: S0300-2896(19)30242-X. doi: 10.1016/j.arbres.2019.04.014. [Epub ahead of print]

Estimation of the Risk of Lung Cancer in Women Participating in a Population-Based Breast Cancer Screening Program.

[Article in English, Spanish]

Author information

1
Group of Evaluation of Health Determinants and Health Policies, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, SantCugat del Vallès, España.
2
Screening Cancer Unit, Cancer Prevention and Control Program, Institut Català d'Oncologia, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, España.
3
Group of Evaluation of Health Determinants and Health Policies, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, SantCugat del Vallès, España; Cancer Epidemiology and Cancer Prevention Program, T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address: jmmartinez@uic.es.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Lung cancer mortality is increasing in women. In Spain, estimates suggest that lung cancer mortality may soon surpass breast cancer mortality, the main cause of cancer mortality among women. The aim of this study was to estimate the proportion of women at high risk of developing lung cancer in a group of participants in a population-based breast cancer screening program.

METHODS:

Cross-sectional study in a sample of women who participated in a population-based breast cancer screening program in 2016 in Hospitalet de Llobregat (n=1,601). High risk of lung cancer was defined according to the criteria of the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) and the Dutch-Belgian randomized lung cancer screening trial (NELSON).

RESULTS:

Around 20% of smokers according to NLST criteria and 40% of smokers according to NELSON criteria, and around 20% of former smokers according to both criteria, are at high risk of developing lung cancer. A positive and statistically significant trend is observed between the proportion of women at high risk and nicotine dependence measured with the brief Fagerström test.

CONCLUSIONS:

A high proportion of participants in this breast cancer screening program have a high risk of developing lung cancer and would be eligible to participate in a lung cancer screening program. Population-based breast cancer screening programs may be useful to implement lung cancer primary prevention activities.

KEYWORDS:

Cáncer de pulmón; Fumar; Lung cancer; Prevención primaria; Prevención secundaria; Primary prevention; Secondary prevention; Smoking; Tabaco; Tobacco

PMID:
31629546
DOI:
10.1016/j.arbres.2019.04.014
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