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Phys Ther Sport. 2019 Nov;40:225-230. doi: 10.1016/j.ptsp.2019.09.013. Epub 2019 Oct 2.

Including performance level lowers prevalence of non-timeloss groin injury. A cross-sectional study in 383 female amateur football players.

Author information

1
Physiotherapy Dukenburg Nijmegen, Department of Manual Therapy and Sports Rehabilitation, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Amsterdam Collaboration for Health & Safety in Sports (ACHSS), AMC-VUmc IOC Research Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Academic Center for Evidence-Based Sports Medicine (ACES), Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Electronic address: langhout.rob@gmail.com.
2
Amsterdam Collaboration for Health & Safety in Sports (ACHSS), AMC-VUmc IOC Research Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Academic Center for Evidence-Based Sports Medicine (ACES), Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Physiotherapy Utrecht Oost, Department of Manual Therapy and Sports Rehabilitation, Utrecht, the Netherlands.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To study the preseason prevalence of groin injury with normal and reduced performance.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional cohort.

SETTINGS:

Online survey.

PARTICIPANTS:

383 Dutch female amateur football players (35 teams).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Prevalence of groin injury per injury group (timeloss or non-timeloss) using a general questionnaire and per performance group (groin pain with normal or reduced performance) using subscales Pain and Participation in Physical Activities of the Hip And Groin Outcome Score (HAGOS). Levels and between-group differences of groin-related symptoms and problems (HAGOS) for injury and performance groups. The injury groups from which players with groin pain and normal performance originate.

RESULTS:

Prevalence of non-timeloss groin injury was 22% (95% confidence interval (95%CI) = 18-26) (n = 84), 7% (95%CI = 5-10) (n = 26) for timeloss groin injury, 21% (95%CI = 17-25) (n = 80) for pain + normal performance and 16% (95%CI = 12-20) (n = 61) for pain + reduced performance. HAGOS-scores differed between injury (P < .022) and performance groups (p < .043). Twenty-three players (27%) with pain + normal performance originated from the non-timeloss groin injury group (100%).

CONCLUSION:

As female amateur football players with groin pain and normal performance are considered non-injured, the prevalence of non-timeloss groin injury lowers by a quarter. These players have lower HAGOS scores than non-injured players without pain yet higher scores than those with non-timeloss groin injury.

KEYWORDS:

Groin injury; Injury definition; Performance level; Player’s perspective

PMID:
31627075
DOI:
10.1016/j.ptsp.2019.09.013

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