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Cancer. 1988 Apr 1;61(7):1441-6.

Characteristics of accelerated disease in chronic myelogenous leukemia.

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1
Department of Hematology, University of Texas System Cancer Center, M. D. Anderson Hospital and Tumor Institute 77030.

Abstract

Determination of the characteristics of accelerated disease in chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) helps in individual prognostication, and in the introduction and analysis of investigative approaches based on risk-benefit ratios. The outcome of 357 patients with Philadelphia chromosome-positive CML was analysed from the time of development of suspected features of accelerated disease. Median survivals shorter than 18 months were associated with the appearance of any of the following: cytogenetic clonal evolution; extramedullary disease; peripheral blasts greater than or equal to 15%, peripheral blasts and promyelocytes greater than or equal to 30%, or peripheral basophils greater than or equal to 20%; platelet count less than 1.0 X 10(5)/microliters; marrow blasts greater than or equal to 15%, marrow blasts and promyelocytes greater than or equal to 30%, or marrow basophils greater than or equal to 20%. Relative hazard ratios, or risk of death per unit time, were calculated based on the relative survivals of patients who did or did not develop the particular feature of accelerated disease, after accounting for the time to development of the characteristic. Further analysis identified five features that have additive independent prognostic importance: cytogenetic clonal evolution; peripheral blasts greater than or equal to 15%; peripheral basophils greater than or equal to 20%; peripheral blasts and promyelocytes greater than or equal to 30%; and thrombocytopenia. By providing an objective estimate of prognosis in accelerated disease, the model identifies patients in need of different therapeutic interventions before the development of blastic crisis.

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