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Ann Card Anaesth. 2019 Oct-Dec;22(4):394-399. doi: 10.4103/aca.ACA_115_18.

Is enneagram personality system able to predict perceived risk of heart disease and readiness to lifestyle modification?

Author information

1
Social Development and Health Promotion Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.
2
Sleep Disorders Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.
3
Lifestyle Modification Research Center, Imam Reza Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.
4
Cardiac Rehabilitation Center, Imam Ali Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

Abstract

Background:

Studying personality traits and patterns is of significant importance in adopting healthy behaviors. Therefore, the current study investigates the relationship between Enneagram personality types and perceived risk of heart disease and readiness to lifestyle modification.

Methods:

In this cross-sectional study, 190 noncardiac patients (82.3% female) in an outpatient clinic in western Iran were selected using a simple random sampling method to fill out standard questionnaires. The obtained data were analyzed using Pearson's correlation coefficient and linear regression analysis.

Results:

The findings show that the performer personality (Type 3) can directly predict increasing readiness to lifestyle modification (P < 0.001). In contrast, there is a reverse significant relationship between the challenger personality (Type 8) and readiness to lifestyle modification (P = 0.019). Moreover, the helper personality (Type 6) is able to directly predict increasing the perceived risk of heart disease (P = 0.012).

Conclusions:

In the Enneagram system, unique personality types possess a unique risk perception and readiness to adopt healthy behaviors. The results of the current study can provide valuable information for healthy lifestyle programs professionals with regard to preventing cardiovascular diseases.

KEYWORDS:

Cardiovascular disease; Enneagram; healthy behaviors; lifestyle; personality; risk perception

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