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J Res Med Sci. 2019 Sep 30;24:81. doi: 10.4103/jrms.JRMS_969_18. eCollection 2019.

Acromegaly and papillary thyroid carcinoma: A case series.

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1
Isfahan Endocrine and Metabolism Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Abstract

Acromegaly is a rare chronic disease and associated with an increased risk of malignancy. The issue of the risk of thyroid cancer in these patients is a topic of debate, and the number of large case-control studies is very limited. Several studies indicated that a chronic excess insulin-like growth factor-1 stimulates the proliferation of various cell types and induces an antiapoptotic effect in thyroid follicular cells. In the literature, the risk of thyroid cancer was reported greater than five-fold. In this review, we will briefly summarize the studies available regarding thyroid cancer in patients with acromegaly and present three case reports.

KEYWORDS:

Acromegaly; malignancy; thyroid cancer

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