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J Am Coll Cardiol. 1985 Sep;6(3):572-80.

Electrocardiographic detection of left ventricular hypertrophy: development and prospective validation of improved criteria.

Abstract

To develop improved electrocardiographic criteria of left ventricular hypertrophy, individual electrocardiographic voltage measurements were compared with echocardiographic left ventricular mass in a "learning series" of 414 subjects. The strongest independent relations with left ventricular mass were exhibited by the S wave in lead V3, the R wave in lead a VL and the T wave in lead V1 (each p less than 0.001), and by age and sex. Better electrocardiographic detection of left ventricular hypertrophy was achieved by new criteria that stratified QRS voltage and repolarization findings in sex and age subsets. For men, at all ages, left ventricular hypertrophy is suggested by QRS voltage alone when the R wave in lead aVL and the S wave in lead V3 total more than 35 mm. When this voltage exceeds 22 mm, left ventricular hypertrophy is suggested in men under age 40 years when the T wave in lead V1 is positive (greater than or equal to 0 mm), and in men 40 years or older when the T wave in lead V1 is at least 2 mm. For women, at all ages, left ventricular hypertrophy is suggested when the R wave in lead a VL and the S wave in lead V3 total more than 25 mm. When this voltage exceeds 12 mm, left ventricular hypertrophy is suggested in women under 40 when the T wave in lead V1 is positive (greater than or equal to 0 mm), and in women over 40 when the T wave in lead V1 is 2 mm or greater.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
3161926
DOI:
10.1016/s0735-1097(85)80115-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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