Send to

Choose Destination
LGBT Health. 2019 Oct;6(7):370-376. doi: 10.1089/lgbt.2018.0087.

Assessing Sexually Transmitted Infections and HIV Risk Among Transgender Women in Lima, Peru: Beyond Behavior.

Author information

South American Program in HIV Prevention Research (SAPHIR), Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California.
Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island.
Escuela de Medicina, Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas, Lima, Peru.
Asociación Civil Vía Libre, Lima, Peru.
Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, McGovern Medical School, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas.


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore risk factors for HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among transgender women (TW) in Lima, Peru. Methods: HIV-negative or serostatus unknown TW reporting recent condomless receptive anal intercourse underwent testing for STIs and HIV and completed a sociobehavioral survey. Results: Among 120 TW, 29.6% had rectal Neisseria gonorrhoeae (GC) or Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and 12.6% had HIV. Age and migrant status were associated with rectal GC/CT, and rectal GC/CT predicted HIV infection. Conclusions: Further study is needed to understand individual and social factors that contribute to HIV/STI vulnerability among TW.


Global health; HIV/AIDS; sexually transmitted infections; transgender

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center