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Front Pharmacol. 2019 Sep 20;10:1089. doi: 10.3389/fphar.2019.01089. eCollection 2019.

Morin Hydrate Inhibits TREM-1/TLR4-Mediated Inflammatory Response in Macrophages and Protects Against Carbon Tetrachloride-Induced Acute Liver Injury in Mice.

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Department of Geriatrics, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.
Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.
Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Zhongshan Hospital Qingpu Branch, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.


This study aims to investigate the protective effects of morin hydrate (MH) against acute liver injury induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) in mice and to elucidate the possible molecular mechanism of action. Mice were pretreated with MH (50 mg/kg body weight) or vehicle by oral gavage once daily for 5 days, followed by intraperitoneal injection of a single dose of CCl4 (1 ml/kg in olive oil). Mice were sacrificed 24 h later; the blood and liver samples were harvested for analysis. We also used the model of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages in vitro and examined the effects of MH and its mechanism of action on the inflammatory response. Our results revealed that MH remarkably attenuated liver histopathological alterations, serum transaminases, hepatocytes death, and inflammatory response induced by CCl4. Importantly, MH reduced expression of the triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 (TREM-1) and toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) both in vivo and in vitro experiments. This inhibitory effect MH on expression of the TREM-1 and TLR4 in cell culture was further heightened after TREM-1 knockdown with small interfering RNA (siRNA). Moreover, MH dramatically suppressed the inhibitor of kappa B α (IκBα) degradation and subsequent nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) p65 translocation into the nucleus and NF-κB-mediated cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1β, and IL-6. Additionally, MH also ameliorated CCl4-induced oxidative stress by enhancing the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression in the injured livers. Taken together, MH has hepatoprotective activity, and this effect may be elicited by attenuating macrophage-mediated inflammatory responses via inhibition TREM-1/TLR4/NF-κB signaling and by regulating hepatic oxidative stress via enhancement Nrf2/HO-1 antioxidant pathway.


NF-κB; TLR4; TREM-1; inflammatory response; liver injury; morin hydrate; oxidative stress

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