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Arch Pediatr. 2019 Oct;26(7):442-450. doi: 10.1016/j.arcped.2019.09.001. Epub 2019 Oct 12.

Vegan diet in children and adolescents. Recommendations from the French-speaking Pediatric Hepatology, Gastroenterology and Nutrition Group (GFHGNP).

Author information

1
Service de nutrition et gastroentérologie pédiatriques, hôpital Trousseau, AP-HP, 75571 Paris cedex 12, France. Electronic address: julie.lemale@aphp.fr.
2
Service de gastroentérologie, hépatologie, nutrition, diabétologie pédiatrique, CHU de Toulouse, 31059 Toulouse cedex 9, France.
3
Centre de recherche clinique, centre de ressources biologiques, centre hospitalier intercommunal de Créteil, 94000 Créteil, France.
4
Service de gastroentérologie pédiatrique, hôpital Robert-Debré, AP-HP, 75019 Paris, France.
5
Service de nutrition et gastroentérologie pédiatriques, hôpital Trousseau, AP-HP, 75571 Paris cedex 12, France.

Abstract

The current craze for vegan diets has an effect on the pediatric population. This type of diet, which does not provide all the micronutrient requirements, exposes children to nutritional deficiencies. These can have serious consequences, especially when this diet is introduced at an early age, a period of significant growth and neurological development. Even if deficiencies have less impact on older children and adolescents, they are not uncommon and consequently should also be prevented. Regular dietary monitoring is essential, vitamin B12 and vitamin D supplementation is always necessary, while iron, calcium, docosahexaenoic acid, and zinc should be supplemented on a case-by-case basis.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescents; Children; Nutritional deficiencies; Vegan

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