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Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2019 Sep 1;23(9):1012-1016. doi: 10.5588/ijtld.18.0739.

Rifampin pharmacokinetics in tuberculosis-diabetes mellitus patients: a pilot study from Baja California, Mexico.

Author information

1
Laboratorio de Epidemiología y Ecología Molecular, Escuela de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, Ensenada, Facultad de Ciencias Marinas, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, Ensenada.
2
Laboratorio de Epidemiología y Ecología Molecular, Escuela de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, Ensenada.
3
Clínica y Laboratorio de Tuberculosis, Hospital General de Tijuana, ISESALUD, Tijuana, Facultad de Medicina y Psicología Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, Tijuana.
4
Instituto de Investigaciones Oceanológicas, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, Ensenada, Baja California.
5
Instituto de Salud Pública, Universidad Veracruzana, Jalapa, Veracruz.
6
Centro de Graduados e Investigación Tecnológico Nacional de Mexico/Instituto Tecnológico de Tijuana. Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Worldwide, there has been an increase in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) as a comorbidity of tuberculosis (TB), which is characterized by alterations in the pharmacokinetics of drugs used for TB treatment.OBJECTIVE: To characterize the pharmacokinetics of rifampin in patients with TB and TB-DM2.METHODS: Blood samples were collected in two hospitals in Baja California, Mexico from March through December 2017. Sampling was not random and included 14 patients with TB and 16 with TB-DM2. High-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) was carried out to determine the concentration of rifampin in human serum.RESULTS: On average, the highest concentration of rifampin for both groups was registered at 2.5 h after ingestion (3.5 ± 2.64 μg/ml). The maximum difference in concentration (Cmax) of rifampin between TB and TB-DM2 group was not significant (P > 0.05). Importantly however, the analysis showed suboptimal levels of Cmax in a high proportion of both groups of patients studied.CONCLUSION: The study suggests that under the currently recommended rifampin dose, suboptimal Cmax levels are reached in a high proportion of patients, regardless of whether they have diabetes or not. It may therefore be necessary to use higher doses of rifampin and perform routine monitoring of serum levels. However, further work is needed to confirm these findings.

PMID:
31615609
DOI:
10.5588/ijtld.18.0739

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