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Exp Cell Res. 2019 Dec 15;385(2):111673. doi: 10.1016/j.yexcr.2019.111673. Epub 2019 Oct 12.

Reduction of Rpd3 suppresses defects in locomotive ability and neuronal morphology induced by the knockdown of Drosophila SLC25A46 via an epigenetic pathway.

Author information

1
Department of Applied Biology, Advanced Insect Research Promotion Center, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Matsugasaki, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8585, Japan.
2
Departamento de Genética del Desarrollo Y Fisiología Molecular Instituto de Biotecnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico.
3
Department of Applied Biology, Advanced Insect Research Promotion Center, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Matsugasaki, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8585, Japan. Electronic address: hyoshida@kit.ac.jp.
4
Department of Information Science, Advanced Insect Research Promotion Center, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Matsugasaki, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8585, Japan.
5
Graduate School of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama, Japan.
6
Department of Applied Biology, Advanced Insect Research Promotion Center, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Matsugasaki, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8585, Japan. Electronic address: myamaguc@kit.ac.jp.

Abstract

Mitochondrial dysfunction causes various diseases. Mutations in the SLC25A46 gene have been identified in mitochondrial diseases that are sometimes classified as Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2, optic atrophy, and Leigh syndrome. A homolog of SLC25A46 was identified in Drosophila and designated as dSLC25A46 (CG5755). We previously established mitochondrial disease model targeting of dSLC25A46, which causes locomotive dysfunction and morphological defects at neuromuscular junctions, such as reduced synaptic branch lengths and decreased numbers of boutons. The diverse symptoms of mitochondrial diseases carrying mutations in SLC25A46 may be associated with the dysregulation of some epigenetic regulators. To investigate the involvement of epigenetic regulators in mitochondrial diseases, we examined candidate epigenetic regulators that interact with human SLC25A46 by searching Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). We discovered that HDAC1 binds to several SLC25A46 genomic regions in human cultured CD4 (+) cells, and attempted to prove this in an in vivo Drosophila model. By demonstrating that Rpd3, Drosophila HDAC1, regulates the histone H4K8 acetylation state in dSLC25A46 genomic regions, we confirmed that Rpd3 is a novel epigenetic regulator modifying the phenotypes observed with the mitochondrial disease model targeting of dSLC25A46. The functional reduction of Rpd3 rescued the deficient locomotive ability and aberrant morphology of motoneurons at presynaptic terminals induced by the dSLC25A46 knockdown. The present results suggest that the inhibition of HDAC1 suppresses the pathogenic processes that lead to the degeneration of motoneurons in mitochondrial diseases.

KEYWORDS:

Drosophila; Epigenetics; Mitochondria; Neuromuscular junction; Peripheral neuron; Rpd3; SLC25A46

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