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Physiol Bohemoslov. 1985;34(2):127-36.

Activity of bulbar respiratory neurones during cough and other respiratory tract reflexes in cats.

Abstract

Changes evoked by mechanical stimulation of the relevant parts of the respiratory tract in the activity of inspiratory and expiratory neurones in the ventral respiratory group of the medulla oblongata, and in pleural pressure and the diaphragmatic electromyogram, were determined during cough, sneeze and the aspiration and expiration reflexes in 17 anaesthetized (but not paralysed) cats. The results of 72 tests of elicitation of the given reflexes showed that: Compared with the control inspiration, both the mean and the maximum discharge frequency of spontaneously active inspiratory neurones rose during the inspiratory phase of cough, sneeze and the aspiration reflex. Regular recruitment of new inspiratory units was also observed in the inspiratory phase of cough and the aspiration reflex. Compared with the control expiration, both the mean and the maximum discharge frequency of spontaneously active expiratory neurones rose during the cough, sneeze and expiration reflex effort. Recruitment of latent expiratory neurones was always observed in the expulsive phase of the given respiratory processes. The recruitment of latent expiratory neurones was accompanied by reciprocal inhibition of the activity of inspiratory units and recruitment of latent inspiratory neurones by inhibition of the activity of expiratory units and recruitment of latent inspiratory neurones by inhibition of the activity of expiratory units. Regular recruitment of the same expiratory neurones in all expulsive respiratory processes, together with the similar incidence of inspiratory neurones in the inspiratory phase of sneeze and the aspiration reflex, indicates that they are "nonspecific" in character.

PMID:
3161102
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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