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J Clin Periodontol. 2020 Jan;47(1):30-35. doi: 10.1111/jcpe.13210. Epub 2019 Nov 3.

Cleansing efficacy of waist-shaped inter-dental brushes. A randomized-controlled crossover study.

Author information

1
Department of Operative and Prosthetic Dentistry, Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.
2
Department of Medical Statistics, Informatics and Health Economics, Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.
3
University Hospital of Cranio-Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery, Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare the cleansing efficacy of waist-shaped versus cylindric inter-dental brushes in patients receiving supportive periodontal therapy.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

After sample size estimation, 20 periodontal maintenance patients diagnosed with periodontitis stage 3 were recruited. Brushing efficacy of waist-shaped and cylindric inter-dental brushes was evaluated in a randomized-controlled, examiner-blinded, two-period crossover study by assessment of the Turesky modification of Quigley-Hein plaque index (T-QHI) and the papillary bleeding index (PBI) at four sites per tooth.

RESULTS:

Seventeen probands with 1,474 tooth sites finished the study. At baseline, median of overall T-QHI scores was 1.4 (interquartile range 1.38-1.92). After 1 month, T-QHI for waist-shaped inter-dental brushes was 1.24 (1.03-1.52); in 15 individuals, T-QHI 0 was the grade most often measured. T-QHI for cylindric brushes was 1.71 (1.18-2.29; p = .042), with T-QHI 0 being the grade most often measured only in seven individuals. The odds ratio for establishing plaque-free inter-dental sites with waist-shaped relative to cylindric brushes was 1.8 [95% CI 1.6-1.9] (p < .001; logistic regression analysis). There were no statistically significant differences between PBI levels of waist-shaped and cylindric brushes.

CONCLUSION:

This study has demonstrated the superiority in cleansing efficacy of waist-shaped over cylindric inter-dental brushes in individuals receiving supportive periodontal treatment.

KEYWORDS:

Biofilm(s); inter-dental brushes; interproximal; oral hygiene; periodontal disease(s)/periodontitis

PMID:
31609489
DOI:
10.1111/jcpe.13210

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