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Indian J Cancer. 2019 Oct-Dec;56(4):315-319. doi: 10.4103/ijc.IJC_298_18.

An observational single-center study of nivolumab in Indian patients with recurrent advanced non-small cell lung cancer.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Oncology, Bhagwan Mahaveer Cancer Hospital and Research Centre, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.
2
Mahatma Gandhi National Institute of Medical Sciences, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.
3
Somex Healthcare Ltd, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.

Abstract

Purpose:

Limited treatment options are available for patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after failure of first-line platinum-based chemotherapy. The treatment of recurrent advanced NSCLC progressed with the arrival of nivolumab and other immunotherapeutic agents. Our single-center prospective study aimed to present the effectiveness and safety of nivolumab in second-line setting after first-line platinum doublet in Indian patients with advanced NSCLC.

Patients and Methods:

Twenty-nine adult patients with stage IV NSCLC treated with nivolumab after failure of first-line platinum-based chemotherapy at Bhagwan Mahaveer Cancer Hospital and Research Centre, Jaipur, India, between October 2016 and January 2018, were included in the study. Overall survival (OS), hematological, and nonhematological toxicities were evaluated.

Results:

A total of 29 patients (mean age of 59.6 years at enrollment) were evaluated. Histological evaluation revealed adenocarcinoma (44.8%) and squamous (55.2%) type of cancer. The Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance score was II in 7 patients (24.1%) and I in 22 (75.9%) patients. Patients received an average of four cycles of nivolumab. The median survival duration was 101 days, and OS rate in the study was 51.7%. Six patients (20.7%) had stable disease response, five patients (17.2%) had partial response, and three patients (10.3%) were lost to follow-up. Asthenia and cough were the most common nonhematological toxicities. Only three patients developed hematological toxicities (anemia and thrombocytopenia).

Conclusion:

Data from our study suggest nivolumab is well-tolerated and effective in Indian patients with recurrent advanced NSCLC after failure of the multiple first lines of platinum-based combination chemotherapy.

KEYWORDS:

Hematotoxicity; India; lung cancer; overall survival; platinum-based therapy

PMID:
31607699
DOI:
10.4103/ijc.IJC_298_18
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