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Indian J Public Health. 2019 Sep;63(Supplement):S26-S30. doi: 10.4103/ijph.IJPH_367_19.

Facilities and services of postexposure prophylaxis in anti-rabies clinics: A national assessment in India.

Author information

1
Former Dean/Principal and Professor of Community Medicine, Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
2
Professor of Community Medicine, Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Abstract

Background:

The rabies postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) is provided through anti-rabies clinics in the country. It was considered important to assess their facilities under a nationwide multi-centric survey.

Objectives:

The objective of this study is to assess the facilities available for PEP at the anti-rabies clinics and to ascertain the PEP provided at the anti-rabies clinics.

Methods:

The cross-sectional assessment was made from May 2017 to January 2018 in selected seven states of India. Thirty-five anti-rabies clinics from both Government and private; urban and rural areas from the states were assessed by an expert team using a pretested checklist for facilities and services available for PEP.

Results:

On an average, 10 new animal bite cases were attended at each anti-rabies clinic per day. The cold chain facilities for rabies biologicals were satisfactory. The facilities for wound washing (54.3%) and the use of antiseptics to animal bite wounds were not adequate. Rabies vaccines were administered by intramuscular in 54.3% and by intradermal route in 45.7% of the cases. The vaccine stock-outs were reported only in the government sector (18.5%). The type of rabies immunoglobulin (RIG) used was equine (63.2%) and human (36.8%); given free of cost in 40% of Anti rabies clinics. The local wound infiltration of RIG was in practice at 58.6% of anti-rabies clinics. The stock-out of RIG was more in private (50%) hospitals than in Government (40.7%) hospitals.

Conclusion:

The facilities available for PEP at the anti-rabies clinics were inadequate and have to be improved across the country.

KEYWORDS:

Anti-rabies clinic; facilities; national assessment; postexposure prophylaxis

PMID:
31603088
DOI:
10.4103/ijph.IJPH_367_19

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