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Cell Rep. 2019 Oct 8;29(2):317-331.e5. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2019.08.103.

The Amyloid Precursor Protein C-Terminal Domain Alters CA1 Neuron Firing, Modifying Hippocampus Oscillations and Impairing Spatial Memory Encoding.

Author information

1
Université Côte d'Azur, CNRS UMR 7275, IPMC, Valbonne, France. Electronic address: pousinha@ipmc.cnrs.fr.
2
Université Côte d'Azur, CNRS UMR 7275, IPMC, Valbonne, France.
3
Institute of Biophysics, National Research Council, Palermo, Italy.
4
Instituto de Medicina Molecular, Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal.
5
Université de Strasbourg, CNRS UMR 7364, LNCA, Strasbourg, France.

Abstract

There is a growing consensus that Alzheimer's disease (AD) involves failure of the homeostatic machinery, which underlies the firing stability of neural circuits. What are the culprits leading to neuron firing instability? The amyloid precursor protein (APP) is central to AD pathogenesis, and we recently showed that its intracellular domain (AICD) could modify synaptic signal integration. We now hypothesize that AICD modifies neuron firing activity, thus contributing to the disruption of memory processes. Using cellular, electrophysiological, and behavioral techniques, we show that pathological AICD levels weaken CA1 neuron firing activity through a gene-transcription-dependent mechanism. Furthermore, increased AICD production in hippocampal neurons modifies oscillatory activity, specifically in the γ-frequency range, and disrupts spatial memory task. Collectively, our data suggest that AICD pathological levels, observed in AD mouse models and in human patients, might contribute to progressive neuron homeostatic failure, driving the shift from normal aging to AD.

KEYWORDS:

AICD; APP; Alzheimer’s disease; brain oscillations; memory encoding; neuron firing

PMID:
31597094
DOI:
10.1016/j.celrep.2019.08.103
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