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Rev Lat Am Enfermagem. 2019 Oct 7;27:e3193. doi: 10.1590/1518-8345.3032.3193. eCollection 2019.

Non-verbal nurse-parturient communication in labor in Portuguese-speaking countries.

[Article in English, Portuguese, Spanish]

Author information

1
Universidade Federal do Ceará, Fortaleza, CE, Brazil.
2
Scholarship holder at the Fundação Cearense de Apoio ao Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (FUNCAP), Brazil.
3
Universidade da Integração Internacional da Lusofonia Afro-Brasileira (Unilab), Instituto de Ciências da Saúde, Redenção, CE, Brazil.
4
Universidade Federal do Ceará (UFC), Departamento de Enfermagem, Fortaleza, CE, Brazil.
5
Universidade Estadual do Ceará (UECE), Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Fortaleza, CE, Brazil.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

to analyze nonverbal communication between nurse and parturient during the active phase of labor in two Portuguese-speaking countries.

METHOD:

a quantitative and analytical study, whose sample consisted of 709 interactions that used the nonverbal communication of nurses and parturients. The analyzed variables were: distance; posture; axis; contact; emblematic gestures; illustrator gestures and regulatory gestures. For the analysis of the data, the Chi-Square and Likelihood Ratio tests were used.

RESULTS:

the intimate distance between nurse and parturient in both countries (p = 0.005) prevailed. In both, touch was the most commonly used form of contact (p <0.0001). In both countries, the parturient remained lying down (p <0.0001). In relation to the established contact (p <0.0001), the parturient did not use contact. The face-to-face axis predominated in the interactions in both countries between nurse-parturient (p <0.0001) and parturient-nurse (p <0.0001).

CONCLUSION:

similarities were observed in non-verbal communication between nurses and parturients in both countries. However, there are differences such as the established contact between Brazilian and Cape Verdean nurses to parturients.

PMID:
31596422
PMCID:
PMC6781356
DOI:
10.1590/1518-8345.3032.3193
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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