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Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. 2019 Oct 3;114:e190198. doi: 10.1590/0074-02760190198. eCollection 2019.

Human virome in nasopharynx and tracheal secretion samples.

Author information

1
Universidade de Brasília, Departamento de Biologia Celular, Pós-Graduação em Biologia Microbiana, Brasília, DF, Brasil.
2
Laboratório Central de Saúde Pública do Distrito Federal, Brasília, DF, Brasil.
3
Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Departamento de Agronomia, Recife, PE, Brasil.
4
Universidade de Brasília, Departamento de Biologia Celular, Pós-Graduação em Biologia Molecular, Brasília, DF, Brasil.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In Brazil the implementation of the Sentinel Surveillance System of Influenza began in 2000. Central public health laboratories use reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) for diagnosis of respiratory viruses, but this protocol identifies only specific targets, resulted in inconclusive diagnosis for many samples. Thus, high-throughput sequencing (HTS) would be complementary method in the identification of pathogens in inconclusive samples for RT-qPCR or other specific detection protocols.

OBJECTIVES:

This study aimed to detect unidentified viruses using HTS approach in negative samples of nasopharynx/tracheal secretions by the standard RT-qPCR collected in the Federal District, Brazil.

METHODS:

Nucleic acids were extracted from samples collected in winter period of 2016 and subjected to HTS. The results were confirmed by the multiplex PR21 RT-qPCR, which identifies 21 respiratory pathogens.

FINDINGS:

The main viruses identified by HTS were of families Herpesviridae, Coronaviridae, Parvoviridae and Picornaviridae, with the emphasis on rhinoviruses. The presence of respiratory viruses in the samples was confirmed by the PR21 multiplex RT-qPCR. Coronavirus, enterovirus, bocavirus and rhinovirus were found by multiplex RT-qPCR as well as by HTS analyses.

MAIN CONCLUSIONS:

Wide virus diversity was found by different methodologies and high frequency of rhinovirus occurrence was confirmed in population in winter, showing its relevance for public health.

PMID:
31596309
PMCID:
PMC6779266
DOI:
10.1590/0074-02760190198
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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