Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Clin Sleep Med. 2019 Oct 15;15(10):1451-1457. doi: 10.5664/jcsm.7974.

Sleep-Disordered Breathing in Pediatric Patients With Rett Syndrome.

Author information

1
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Division of Pulmonary and Sleep Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio.
2
University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio.
3
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Division of Neurology, Cincinnati, Ohio.
4
University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVES:

Although respiratory abnormalities occurring during wakefulness are well recognized in patients with Rett syndrome (RS), less has been reported regarding sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in this population. This study aims to characterize the presenting complaints, types and severity of SDB, and treatment modalities of patients with RS and sleep concerns.

METHODS:

Retrospective chart review of pediatric patients with RS referred to our academic tertiary care institution from January 2007 to July 2017.

RESULTS:

Thirteen patients were identified, 11 female (84.6%); mean age at polysomnography (PSG) was 10.3 years (standard deviation 4.94). Eleven were white (84.6%), 2 were black (15.4%). The most common presenting symptoms were snoring (10/13, 77%) and witnessed apnea (7/13, 53.8%). On baseline PSG, all patients (100%) exhibited hyperapneas followed by a central apnea during wake. Nine (69.2%) had obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) (obstructive apnea-hypopnea index (oAHI) > 1); four had severe OSA (oAHI ≥ 10). One had central sleep apnea (central apnea index > 5) and severe OSA. No patients exhibited hypoventilation on baseline PSG. Mean AHI of all patients was 8.77 ± 8.82 (oAHI 6.51 ± 6.91) events/h. Mean oxyhemoglobin nadir was 88.52 ± 5.6%. Treatment modalities included observation: 5 (38%), acetazolamide: 2 (15%), nasal mometasone: 1 (7.7%), adenotonsillectomy: 3 (23.1%), and positive airway pressure: 2 (15%).

CONCLUSIONS:

Regarding patients with RS referred to the sleep medicine clinic, snoring and witnessed apneas were the most common presenting complaints. In addition to breathing abnormalities during wake, OSA was very common in our cohort. Further studies are needed to examine the pathogenesis of OSA in RS and relationships between disease genotype and respiratory abnormality phenotype.

KEYWORDS:

Rett syndrome; central sleep apnea; obstructive sleep apnea; pediatrics; polysomnography; primary snoring; sleep-disordered breathing

PMID:
31596210
PMCID:
PMC6778339
[Available on 2020-10-15]
DOI:
10.5664/jcsm.7974

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Loading ...
Support Center