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Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi. 2019 Sep 20;27(9):677-680. doi: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.1007-3418.2019.09.004.

[Effect of benazepril on nuclear factor E2 related factor 2, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase and reactive oxygen species in rats with hepatic fibrosis].

[Article in Chinese; Abstract available in Chinese from the publisher]

Author information

1
Gastroenterology Department, The First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan 030001, China.

Abstract

in English, Chinese

Objective: To study the effect of benazepril on the expression of nuclear factor E2 related factor 2 (Nrf2), nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase 4 (NOX4) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) concentration in rats with hepatic fibrosis and to explore the possible antifibrotic mechanism of benazepril. Methods: Twenty-two healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: control group (6 rats), model group (8 rats) and benazepril treatment group (8 rats). Two rats died during modeling and treatment in the model group and the benazepril treatment group, and a model of hepatic fibrosis induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCL(4)) was established. The rats in benazepril group were given benazepril for 8 weeks by gastric gavage. The assessment of liver tissue damage in each group was measured using conventional hematoxylin-eosin and Masson staining. The mRNA level of Nrf2, NOX4 in liver tissue was detected by RT-PCR, and serum ROS concentration was determined by colorimetry. All data were expressed in mean ± standard deviations, and were analyzed using SPSS21.0 statistical software. The data were compared using one-way analysis of variance, and the LSD-t method was used for pairwise comparison between the two groups. The correlation analysis was performed by Spearman's correlation analysis. Results: In the liver of the model group, with the aggravation of liver fibrosis the expression of Nrf2mRNA, NOX4 mRNA and ROS concentration were higher than control group [(4.01 ± 3.40), (31.78 ± 3.96), (1.82 ± 0.46) μg/ ml vs. (0.12 ± 0.11), (2.03 ± 0.31), (1.56±0.84) μg/ml, P < 0.05]. After benazepril treatment, NOX4 mRNA expression and ROS concentration were decreased than the model group [(15.93 ± 5.01), (0.78 ± 0.44) μg/ml vs. (31.78 ± 3.96), (1.82 ± 0.46) μg /ml, P < 0.05], while Nrf2 mRNA expression was higher than the model group [(6.69 ± 4.86) vs. (4.01 ± 3.40), P < 0.05]. There was a positive correlation between Nrf2 and NOX4, Nrf2 and ROS, and NOX4 and ROS (r = 0.616, 0.411, 0.802, P < 0.05). Conclusion: Benazepril may exert an anti-hepatic fibrosis effect by activating Nrf2 expression, or may inhibit the ROS-mediated oxidative stress in response to NOX4.

KEYWORDS:

Benazepril; Liver fibrosis; Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase 4; Nuclear factor E2 related factor 2; Reactive oxygen species

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