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Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord. 2019 Oct 7:1-4. doi: 10.1159/000502639. [Epub ahead of print]

Prospective Memory Relates to Attentional Control: Differential Patterns in Old Age.

Ihle A1,2,3, Kliegel M4,5,6, Ballhausen N4,5,6, Da Silva Coelho C4,5,6, Haas M4,5, Hering A4,5,6, Künzi M4,5,6, Laera G4,5,6, Mikneviciute G4,5,6, Tinello D4,5,6, Zuber S4,5,6.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland, Andreas.Ihle@unige.ch.
2
Center for the Interdisciplinary Study of Gerontology and Vulnerability, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland, Andreas.Ihle@unige.ch.
3
Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research LIVES - Overcoming Vulnerability: Life Course Perspectives, Lausanne and Geneva, Switzerland, Andreas.Ihle@unige.ch.
4
Department of Psychology, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.
5
Center for the Interdisciplinary Study of Gerontology and Vulnerability, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.
6
Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research LIVES - Overcoming Vulnerability: Life Course Perspectives, Lausanne and Geneva, Switzerland.

Abstract

AIMS:

We investigated the associations of prospective memory (PM) with memory, attentional control, and conscientiousness and whether they differed between young-old (YO) and old-old adults (OO).

METHODS:

We analyzed data from 562 older adults (mean = 80.04 years) who were tested on four PM tasks, memory (immediate and delayed cued recall), attentional control (letter and category fluency), and reported conscientiousness.

RESULTS:

Latent variable analyses showed that in both YO and OO PM was associated with memory and attentional control (but not conscientiousness). Notably, testing for moderation effects revealed that the relation between PM and attentional control was significantly stronger in YO than in OO.

CONCLUSION:

YO may be able to better (than OO) achieve a good PM performance with good attentional control.

KEYWORDS:

Attentional control; Conscientiousness; Prospective memory; Young-old adults

PMID:
31590167
DOI:
10.1159/000502639

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