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Ginekol Pol. 2019;90(9):496-499. doi: 10.5603/GP.2019.0086.

Palliative treatment of intestinal obstruction in patients with gynecologic malignancies - single center experience.

Author information

1
2nd Chair and Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland.
2
2nd Chair and Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland. hsymonides@gmail.com.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

One of the common symptoms in patients with advanced gynecologic tumors is intestinal obstruction. Palliativemanagement may include pharmacological treatment, stenting as well as surgical removal of obstruction cause.Selection of appropriate treatment should be based on careful and individual assessment of advantages, disadvantagesand possible complications. The aim of the study was to analyze the effectiveness of non-invasive treatment in patientswith gynecologic malignancies suffering from intestinal obstruction.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

It was a retrospective analysis of factors associated with primary non-invasive intestinal obstructiontreatment effectiveness. Data were collected from medical records of 17 patients managed and followed-up in a singlegynecologic oncology center due to endometrial cancer, fallopian tube cancer, uterine leiomyosarcoma, and ovarian canceradmitted to the ward because of symptomatic intestinal obstruction. Mean observation time lasted 40.6 months. Non-invasivetreatment included fluid therapy, dexamethasone, buscolysin, mebeverine, ranitidine, simethicone, omeprazole,magnesium sulphate, semi-liquid diet, and parenteral nutrition. Characteristics including age, BMI, comorbidities, oncologicaltreatment, histology type, stage, grade, presence of ascites, location of primary tumor and metastases were analyzed.

RESULTS:

The number of obstruction episodes varied from 1 to 5. Mean time between multiple episodes lasted 3.2 months. 5 patientsrequired surgical treatment. For the rest of the patients primary non-invasive treatment was sufficient.

CONCLUSIONS:

Most cases of bowel obstruction in patients with advanced gynecologic malignancies can be successfullymanaged without invasive treatment. Moreover, non-invasive obstruction management can be applied multiple times incase of recurrence.

KEYWORDS:

conservative treatment; gynecologic neoplasms; intestinal obstruction; operative; ovarian neoplasms; palliative therapy; surgical procedures

PMID:
31588545
DOI:
10.5603/GP.2019.0086
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