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Eur J Pharmacol. 2019 Dec 1;864:172710. doi: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2019.172710. Epub 2019 Oct 2.

Therapeutic potentials and mechanisms of the Chinese traditional medicine Danshensu.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology, The Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Hebei Medical University, 12 Health Road, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, 050011, PR China.
2
Department of Basic Medicine, Hebei Medical University, 361 Zhongshan East Road, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, 050017, PR China.
3
Department of Cardiology, The Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Hebei Medical University, 12 Health Road, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, 050011, PR China. Electronic address: ningzhang0311@126.com.

Abstract

Danshensu is a pure molecule derived from Danshen, which is the root of the herb Salvia miltiorrhiza. It has a clearly defined chemical structure and demonstrates therapeutic effects in cardiovascular diseases (e.g., myocardial ischemia and reperfusion, atherosclerosis, hypertension), cerebral lesions and disorders (e.g., ischemia, cognitive decline, and anxiety), and other health problems (e.g., thrombosis, tumorigenesis, pancreatitis). The mechanisms behind these effects include antioxidation, anti-apoptosis, vasodilation, inflammation regulation, lipidemia control, etc., through the PI3K/Akt-ERK1/2/Nrf2/HO-1, Bcl-2/Bax, eNOS and other molecular signaling pathways. Both Danshen and Danshensu might be more effective than classical cardiovascular drugs, and their combination yields improved therapeutic efficiency. Here, we provide an overview of these drugs for a better understanding of Danshensu as a promising Chinese traditional medicine.

KEYWORDS:

Anti-apoptosis; Anti-oxidiation; Cardiovascular disease; Chinese traditional medicine; Dashensu

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