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BJGP Open. 2019 Oct 29;3(3). pii: bjgpopen19X101661. doi: 10.3399/bjgpopen19X101661. Print 2019 Oct.

Response to diagnosis of pre-diabetes in socioeconomically deprived areas: a qualitative study.

Author information

1
Wellcome Trust Primary Care Doctoral Fellow, Primary Care Centre Versus Arthritis, School of Primary, Community and Social Care, Keele University, Keele, UK h.j.twohig@keele.ac.uk.
2
Clinical Fellow, Academic Department of Primary Medical Care, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK.
3
Academic Clinical Fellow, Academic Department of Primary Medical Care, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK.
4
Medical Student, Academic Department of Primary Medical Care, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK.
5
Senior Clinical Lecturer, Academic Department of Primary Medical Care, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Diabetes prevention is a key priority for the NHS, with a particular focus on populations at highest risk. The NHS Diabetes Prevention Programme (NHS DPP) has been introduced, offering a course of dietary and lifestyle education to individuals with pre-diabetes. However, concerns about the NHS DPP include: (1) the possible unintended consequences of labelling more people with a 'pre-condition'; (2) the possibility of worsening health inequalities as people in socioeconomically deprived areas tend to access behaviour-change programmes less readily; (3) the appropriateness of an intervention focused on individuals versus population-wide public health policy interventions.

AIM:

To explore the experience of diagnosis of pre-diabetes, and understand the barriers and facilitators to uptake of the NHS DPP for people living in socioeconomically deprived areas.

DESIGN & SETTING:

A qualitative study was undertaken. Participants with pre-diabetes were recruited from practices serving socioeconomically deprived areas of Sheffield, UK.

METHOD:

Semi-structured interviews were conducted and continued until data saturation (23 participants). Thematic analysis of data was undertaken.

RESULTS:

Both healthcare context and an individual's personal and community context shaped response to diagnosis and likelihood of engaging with the NHS DPP. Patient activation was a useful concept in understanding response. Whether or not people participated in the NHS DPP, being diagnosed with pre-diabetes tended to provoke some degree of dietary change and did not cause significant anxiety for most. However, there were multiple barriers to engaging with the NHS DPP for this patient group.

CONCLUSION:

Diagnosing pre-diabetes can provoke an individual positive response, but the sociocultural environment often limits an individual's ability to engage with the NHS DPP or make lifestyle change.

KEYWORDS:

behaviour change; diabetes mellitus; general practice; life style; pre-diabetes; socioeconomic deprivation

PMID:
31581115
DOI:
10.3399/bjgpopen19X101661
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