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PeerJ. 2019 Sep 19;7:e7688. doi: 10.7717/peerj.7688. eCollection 2019.

Nurhachius luei, a new istiodactylid pterosaur (Pterosauria, Pterodactyloidea) from the Early Cretaceous Jiufotang Formation of Chaoyang City, Liaoning Province (China) and comments on the Istiodactylidae.

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Institute of Geology, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing, China.
China University of Geosciences, Beijing, China.
Laboratory of Vertebrate Paleontology and Animal Behavior, Universidade Federal do ABC, São Bernardo, São Paulo, Brazil.
Departamento de Geologia, Universidade Federal do Ceará, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil.
Zoological Museum (SNM), Copenhagen University, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Fur Museum (Museum Saling), Fur, Denmark.


A new istiodactylid pterosaur, Nurhachius luei sp. nov., is here reported based on a complete skull with mandible and some cervical vertebrae from the lower part of the Jiufotang Formation of western Liaoning (China). This is the second species of Nurhachius, the type-species being N. ignaciobritoi from the upper part of the Jiufotang Formation. A revised diagnosis of the genus Nurhachius is provided, being this taxon characterized by the presence of a slight dorsal deflection of the palatal anterior tip, which is homoplastic with the Anhangueria and Cimoliopterus. N. luei sp. nov. shows an unusual pattern of tooth replacement, with respect to other pterodactyloid species. The relationships within the Istiodactylidae and with their closest taxa are investigated through a phylogenetic analysis by parsimony.


Istiodactylidae; Jehol Biotas; Jiufotang Formation; Systematics; Taxonomy

Conflict of interest statement

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

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