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Niger J Surg. 2019 Jul-Dec;25(2):158-162. doi: 10.4103/njs.NJS_44_18.

Histopathological Pattern of Testicular Lesions in Kano, Northwestern Nigeria.

Author information

1
Urology Unit, Department of Surgery, Bayero University Kano and Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Kano State, Nigeria.
2
Department of Morbid Anatomy and Forensic Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Kano State, Nigeria.
3
Department of Pathology, Bayero University Kano and Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Kano State, Nigeria.

Abstract

Background:

The global distribution of testicular disorders differs conforming with differences in demographic denominators. The diagnostic dictum for these disorders customarily adheres to findings at clinical assessment, relevant imaging, and laboratory evaluation. Histopathological confirmation remains the ultimate for the diagnosis of testicular malignancies and many testicular dysfunctions. The epidemiological review of the histological outcomes among Kano populace, however, is deficient.

Objective:

The aim of the study was to analyse histological pattern of testicular lesions in Kano, Nigeria.

Methodology:

The study is a 14-year retrospective review of testicular specimens subjected to histology in Kano from January 2003 to December 2016. The variables obtained were the age of patients, laterality, and histological diagnoses. These were collated and analyzed; the findings were presented as mean, patients' age range, and laterality ratio with frequency tables.

Results:

Three hundred and forty-three testicular tissues were assessed. The nonneoplastic lesions were 79.2% with patients' age range of 3-90 years. Atrophies and maturation arrests formed 29.4% and 18.0%, respectively. Specimens from the right were more with a ratio of 1.6:1. Neoplastic lesions were 3.5% and patients' age range from 3 to 65 years. Seminomas were the predominant neoplastic lesion and constituted 66.7%. The right testes were more commonly affected and have a ratio of 1.4:1.

Conclusion:

This appraisal affirms that testicular lesions could be found across a wide age range and majorities are nonneoplastic. The findings in this study concur with the published African and Asian conclusions.

KEYWORDS:

Neoplastic lesion; nonneoplastic lesion; testicular lesions

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