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J Midlife Health. 2019 Jul-Sep;10(3):141-146. doi: 10.4103/jmh.JMH_139_18.

Comparative Efficacy and Safety of Escitalopram versus Desvenlafaxine in Postmenopausal Women with Depression and Anxiety: A Randomized, Open-Label, Comparative Trial.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Government Medical College, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, India.
2
Department of Psychiatry, Government Medical College, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, India.
3
Department of General Medicine, Government Medical College, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, India.

Abstract

Aims and Objectives:

The aim was to evaluate the comparative efficacy and safety of escitalopram versus desvenlafaxine in postmenopausal women with depression and anxiety in our study cohort.

Materials and Methods:

A randomized, open-label, intention-to-treat, comparative study was conducted over a period of 1 year. Group 1 (n = 20) patients received tablet escitalopram 10 mg once daily orally which was increased to 20 mg/day when needed at the first follow-up. Group 2 (n = 20) patients received tablet desvenlafaxine 50 mg once daily orally which was increased to 100 mg/day when needed at the first follow-up. Patients were followed at 3 and 6 weeks. Primary endpoints were change in baseline scores (recorded as mean ± standard deviation) of Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D) and Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A), and safety was also assessed and compared.

Results:

Forty patients completed the study. Escitalopram was statistically better than desvenlafaxine in reducing depression after 6 weeks of treatment (P < 0.05). Both the drugs were found to be equally effective in treating anxiety. Furthermore, they showed comparable safety and tolerability.

Conclusion:

Escitalopram appears to be more effective on short-term basis in treating depression, and both the drugs appear equally effective in combating anxiety. Furthermore, they appear to be equally safe and well tolerated in postmenopausal women with depression and anxiety.

KEYWORDS:

Anxiety; depression; desvenlafaxine; escitalopram; postmenopausal women

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