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J Biol Chem. 1985 Apr 25;260(8):4547-50.

Phosphorylation of smooth muscle myosin light chain kinase by Ca2+-activated, phospholipid-dependent protein kinase.


Protein kinase C incorporates phosphate into two sites of myosin light chain kinase (MLC-kinase) in the absence of calmodulin. Phosphorylation is all but abolished in the presence of Ca2+ and calmodulin, suggesting that both sites of phosphorylation are close to the calmodulin binding site. The phosphorylation of MLC-kinase results in an approximately 10-fold increase in the dissociation constant of MLC-kinase for calmodulin. Following phosphorylation (2 mol/mol of enzyme) of MLC-kinase by protein kinase C, an additional 2 mol of phosphate can be incorporated into the MLC-kinase apoenzyme by the cAMP-dependent protein kinase. Different maps of phosphopeptides were obtained by tryptic hydrolysis from MLC-kinase preparations phosphorylated by each kinase. The phosphorylation sites for the cAMP-dependent kinase were located in a fragment of approximately 25,000 daltons. In contrast the phosphorylation sites for protein kinase C are found in a much smaller tryptic peptide. These results suggest that the phosphorylation sites on MLC-kinase are different for protein kinase C and for cAMP-dependent protein kinase. However, phosphorylation in both regions results in a reduced affinity for calmodulin.

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