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J Hum Reprod Sci. 2019 Jul-Sep;12(3):258-261. doi: 10.4103/jhrs.JHRS_3_19.

Extensive Primary Male Genital Tuberculosis.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology, Holy Family Hospital, Thodupuzha, Kerala, India.
2
Department of General Medicine, Holy Family Hospital, Thodupuzha, Kerala, India.

Abstract

Genital tuberculosis (GTB) is uncommon, and the most common genital sites of tuberculous infection are epididymis and prostate; isolated testicular TB is extremely rare, comprising only 3% of GTB. The usual modes of genital involvement include descending infection from the kidneys, intracanalicular or direct extension from neighboring foci in the genital tract, and hematogenous dissemination. Ultrasonography (USG) and USG-guided fine-needle aspiration cytology of testicular swelling may confirm the diagnosis of GTB. Anti-TB chemotherapy is the mainstay of treatment to ensure the complete resolution of the lesion. Infertility in GTB is a result of obstruction at the terminal portion of the ejaculatory duct, resulting in dilatation of the proximal ductal system including the vas deferens preventing seminal vesicle secretions from reaching the ejaculate. Seminal vesicle secretions make up the bulk of the ejaculate, contain fructose, and alkalinize the ejaculate, and with obstruction, patients present with azoospermia or aspermia. Here, we present a rare case of extensive primary GTB in a 36-year-old male.

KEYWORDS:

Assisted reproduction techniques; azoospermia; extrapulmonary; infertility; male genital tuberculosis

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