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Curr Mol Med. 2019 Oct 1. doi: 10.2174/1566524019666191001113511. [Epub ahead of print]

The role of microRNAs in Lung Cancer: Implications for diagnosis and therapy.

Author information

1
Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Genetics, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran. Iran.
2
Department of Medical Biotechnology, School of Advanced Medical Sciences and Technologies, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz. Iran.
3
Research Center for Biochemistry and Nutrition in Metabolic Diseases, Institute for Basic Sciences, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, I.R.. Iran.

Abstract

Lung cancer is the first cause of cancer death in the world which due to its high prevalence, aggressiveness, late diagnosis, lack of effective treatment and poor prognosis. It also shows high rate of recurrence, metastasis and drug resistance. All these problems highlight the urgent needs for developing new strategies using non-invasive biomarkers for early detection, metastasis and recurrence of disease. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small noncoding RNAs that regulate gene expression post-transcriptionally. These molecules found to be abnormally express in increasing number of human disease conditions including cancer. miRNAs could be detected in body fluids such as blood, serum, urine and sputum, which leads us toward the idea of using them as non-invasive biomarker for cancer detection and monitoring cancer treatment and recurrence. miRNAs are found to be deregulated in lung cancer initiation and progression and could regulate lung cancer cell proliferation and invasion. In this review, we summarized recent progress and discoveries in microRNAs regulatory role in lung cancer initiation and progression. In addition, the role of microRNAs in EGFR signaling pathway regulation discussed briefly.

KEYWORDS:

Biomarker; Diagnosis; Lung Cancer; MicroRNA; Therapy

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