Send to

Choose Destination
Taiwan J Ophthalmol. 2019 Sep 12;9(3):198-201. doi: 10.4103/tjo.tjo_103_18. eCollection 2019 Jul-Sep.

Waardenburg syndrome with dry eyes: A rare association.

Author information

Department of Ophthalmology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India.


Waardenburg syndrome (WS) is a rare congenital disorder primarily characterized by characteristic facial abnormalities as dystopia canthorum and synophrys; depigmentation of the hair, skin (premature graying of hair), and/or the iris of both eyes; and/or congenital deafness. Here, we report a rare case of WS with associated dry eyes. A 4-year-old female presented with blue eyes and no tear and nasal secretion production since birth. She was also deaf and dumb since birth. On examination, it was recognized as an atypical case of WS type 2 clinically, with several classical features such as white forelock, bilateral blue iris, hypopigmented fundus, smooth philtrum, bilateral profound hearing loss, and a rare association of bilateral dry eyes. The patient was given proper refractive correction, treatment of her dry eyes, and subjected to multidisciplinary approach as for the management of sensorineural hearing loss. It was a case of WS type 2 with a rare association of bilateral dry eyes.


Blue iris; Waardenburg syndrome; dry eye; white forelock

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Medknow Publications and Media Pvt Ltd Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center