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Acad Emerg Med. 2019 Sep 30. doi: 10.1111/acem.13863. [Epub ahead of print]

Use of the Clinical Examination in the Diagnosis of Cardiac Syncope.

Author information

1
Department of Emergency Medicine, UC Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA.

Abstract

Syncope or transient loss of consciousness is a common problem seen in the emergency department (ED), accounting for 1% to 1.5% of ED visits annually. Cardiac syncope caused by cerebral hypoperfusion secondary to cardiopulmonary events such as arrhythmia or structural heart disease, accounts for 5% to 21% of syncope events. Cardiac syncope is associated with an increased risk of premature death and cardiac events. It is therefore important emergency providers differentiate cardiac syncope from other causes.

KEYWORDS:

cardiac syncope; loss of consciousness; syncope; systematic review

PMID:
31569281
DOI:
10.1111/acem.13863

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