Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Mol Immunol. 1985 Feb;22(2):101-6.

Mechanisms of complement activation by crystalline cholesterol.

Abstract

The mechanism by which cholesterol crystals activate complement in human serum has been studied. Crystals treated with serum and washed with buffer contain a fixed C3/C5 convertase. Its generation is dependent on the presence of divalent cations (and of factor B). The cholesterol-fixed convertase is subject to decay and can be regenerated by factors B and D. C2 in combination with C1 is not essential but enhances the convertase formation. These findings indicate that it is predominantly the alternative C3/C5 convertase C3bBb(P) that assembles on cholesterol during exposure to human serum. By the use of different antisera and immunofluorescence a C3 fragment, probably C3b, was demonstrated on serum-treated crystals. Its fixation is resistant to washing with urea, and with buffers of differing pH: by hydroxylaminolysis the C3 fragment dissociates from the crystals. This indicates a covalent ester bond linking the labile binding site of activated C3 to the hydroxyl group of cholesterol. Cholesterol acetate does not fix C3 nor acquire a C3-cleaving activity upon contact with serum. In addition, cholesterol crystals bind factor I (C3b inactivator) and in this way may facilitate fixation and amplification of the alternative C3/C5 convertase.

PMID:
3156272
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center