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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2019 Nov 19;519(4):832-837. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2019.09.061. Epub 2019 Sep 24.

Comparison between the enzymatic activity, structure and substrate binding of mouse and human lecithin retinol acyltransferase.

Author information

1
CUO-Recherche, Centre de Recherche du CHU de Québec-Université Laval and Département d'ophtalmologie, Faculté de médecine, and Regroupement stratégique PROTEO, Université Laval, Québec, Québec, Canada.
2
CUO-Recherche, Centre de Recherche du CHU de Québec-Université Laval and Département d'ophtalmologie, Faculté de médecine, and Regroupement stratégique PROTEO, Université Laval, Québec, Québec, Canada. Electronic address: christian.salesse@fmed.ulaval.ca.

Abstract

Lecithin retinol acyltransferase (LRAT) is involved in the visual cycle where it catalyzes the formation of all-trans retinyl ester. The mouse animal model has been widely used to study LRAT. Primary sequence alignment shows 80% identity and 90% similarity between human and mouse LRAT. However, human LRAT has a proline at position 173 (hLRAT (P173)) while an arginine can be found at this position for the mouse protein (mLRAT (R173)). Moreover, residue 173 is important for the human protein since a substitution mutation of this residue to a leucine (P173L-hLRAT) caused night blindness in a patient. The present study was thus undertaken to determine whether mouse and human LRAT have a similar enzymatic activity, structure and substrate binding affinity using a truncated form of LRAT (tLRAT). The enzymatic activity and binding affinity to the substrate, all-trans retinol, of mtLRAT (R173) were found to be 2.7- and 3.9-fold lower, respectively, than that of htLRAT (P173). Moreover, the enzymatic activity of P173L-htLRAT is 6.3-fold lower compared to that of htLRAT (P173). Furthermore, a significant difference was observed between the intrinsic fluorescence emission as well as between the circular dichroism spectra of mtLRAT (R173) and htLRAT (P173). In addition, mtLRAT proteins are less thermostable than htLRAT proteins, which suggests that structural differences exist between the mouse and human proteins. Altogether, these data strongly suggest that the much lower catalytic activity of mtLRAT (R173) compared to that of htLRAT (P173) mostly results from differences between their structure, predominantly revealed by their dissimilar thermal stability, as well as their efficiency to bind all-trans retinol. Therefore, conclusions regarding the behavior of human LRAT based on measurements performed with mouse LRAT must be made with caution. Also, the much lower enzymatic activity of P173L-htLRAT compared to that of htLRAT (P173) might explain the night blindness of a patient carrying this mutation.

KEYWORDS:

Binding affinity; Enzyme activity; Fluorescence quenching; Lecithin retinol acyltransferase; Secondary structure; Thermal stability

PMID:
31561851
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbrc.2019.09.061

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