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J AOAC Int. 2019 Sep 27. doi: 10.5740/jaoacint.19-0126. [Epub ahead of print]

Rapid and Simultaneous Measurement of Praeruptorin A, Praeruptorin B, Praeruptorin E, and Moisture Contents in Peucedani Radix Using Near-Infrared Spectroscopy and Chemometrics.

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Zhejiang Traditional Chinese Medicine Academy, Center for Medicinal Resources Research, Key Laboratory of Research and Development of Chinese Medicine of Zhejiang Province, 132 Tianmushan Rd, Hangzhou, China 310007.


Background: Peucedani Radix is a popular traditional Chinese medicine herb with a long history in China. Praeruptorin A (PA), praeruptorin B (PB), and praeruptorin E (PE) are usually taken as important quality indexes of Peucedani Radix. Objective: To establish a rapid method for simultaneous determination of PA, PB, PE, and moisture contents in Peucedani Radix using near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy and chemometrics. Methods: One hundred twenty Peucedani Radix samples were analyzed with HPLC as a reference method. The NIR spectral scanning range was from 12000 cm-1 to 4000 cm-1. Partial least squares (PLS) regression algorithm was used to establish calibration models. Three variable selection methods were investigated, including variable importance in projection (VIP), competitive adaptive reweighted sampling (CARS), and Monte Carlo uninformative variable elimination (MCUVE). The performances of the established models were evaluated by root-mean-square error (RMSEC) and determination coefficient (Rc²) of calibration set, root-mean-square error (RMSEP) and determination coefficient (Rp²) of prediction set, and residual predictive deviation (RPD). Results: A clear ranking of the performance of the calibration models could be as follows: CARS-PLS > MCUVE-PLS > VIP-PLS > Full-PLS. For CARS-PLS, Rp², RMSEP, and RPD of the prediction set are as follows: 0.9204, 0.0860%, and 3.5850 for PA; 0.8011, 0.0431%, and 2.0868 for PB; 0.8043, 0.0367%, and 2.1569 for PE; and 0.9249, 0.3350%, and 3.6551 for moisture, respectively. Conclusions: The NIR spectroscopy combined with CARS-PLS calibration models could be used for rapid and accurate determination of PA, PB, PE, and moisture contents in Peucedani Radix samples.


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