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J Athl Train. 2019 Sep 24. doi: 10.4085/1062-6050-12-19. [Epub ahead of print]

Athletic Trainer Services in the Secondary School Setting: The Athletic Training and Locations Services Project.

Author information

1
Korey Stringer Institute, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs.
2
Penn Trafford High School, Harrison City, PA.
3
Dutchtown High School, Geismar, LA.
4
Palo Verde High School, Tucson, AZ.
5
Center for Research and Education in Special Environments, Department of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, University of Buffalo, NY.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Previous researchers determined that 67% of US secondary schools had access to athletic trainer (AT) services (35% full time [FT] and 30% part time [PT]) in 52% of the 20 272 secondary schools. The population-based statistic is yet to be determined.

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the level of AT services and employment status in US secondary schools with athletics by National Athletic Trainers' Association district.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional study.

SETTING:

Public and private secondary schools with athletics.

PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:

Data from all 20 272 US public and private secondary schools were obtained.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S):

Data were collected from September 2015 to April 2018 by phone or e-mail communication with school administrators or ATs and by online surveys of secondary school ATs. Employment categories were school district, school district with teaching, medical or university facility, and independent contractor. Data are presented as total number and percentage of ATs. Descriptive statistics were calculated for FT, PT, and no AT services data for public, private, public + private, and employment type by state and by National Athletic Trainers' Association district.

RESULTS:

Of the 20 272 secondary schools, 66% (n = 13 473) had access to AT services, while 34% (n = 6799) had no access. Of those schools with AT services, 53% (n = 7119) received FT services, while 47% (n = 6354) received PT services. Public schools (n = 16 076) received 37%, 32%, and 31%, whereas private schools (n = 4196) received 27%, 28%, and 45%, for FT, PT, and no AT services, respectively. Most of the Athletic Training Locations and Services Survey participants (n = 6754, 57%) were employed by a medical or university facility, followed by school district, school district with teaching, and independent contractor. Combined, 38% of AT employment was via the school district.

CONCLUSIONS:

The percentages of US schools with AT access and FT and PT services were similar to those noted in previous research. One-third of secondary schools had no access to AT services. The majority of AT employment was via medical or university facilities. These data depict the largest and most updated representation of AT services in secondary schools.

KEYWORDS:

athletic training; health care; high schools

PMID:
31549849
DOI:
10.4085/1062-6050-12-19

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