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Indian J Ophthalmol. 2019 Oct;67(10):1688-1689. doi: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_89_19.

Extraocular muscle surgery on goats' eye: An inexpensive technique to enhance residents' surgical skills.

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Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.


Hands-on resident surgical training for various ocular procedures is essential to impart good surgical skills to the budding ophthalmologists. Here in this report, we demonstrate a simple and inexpensive technique of performing extraocular muscle surgery on goats' eye. These animal eyes possess soft tissue resemblance to that of human eyes to a greater extent in terms of scleral rigidity, muscle elasticity, its width, thickness, and its insertion onto the sclera. Therefore, rectus muscle recession, resection, and plication surgeries can be performed repeatedly to improve an individual's orientation and practical experience before performing the procedure on human eyes.


Extraocular muscle surgery; goat's eye; resident training

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