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Mol Pharm. 2019 Oct 4. doi: 10.1021/acs.molpharmaceut.9b00808. [Epub ahead of print]

[68Ga]Ga/[177Lu]Lu-BL01, a Novel Theranostic Pair for Targeting C-X-C Chemokine Receptor 4.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Oncology , BC Cancer Research Centre , Vancouver , BC V5Z 1L3 , Canada.
2
Département de Médecine Nucléaire et Radiobiologie , Université de Sherbrooke , Sherbrooke , QC J1H 5N4 , Canada.
3
Department of Radiology , University of British Columbia , Vancouver , BC V5Z 1M9 , Canada.

Abstract

C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4) is overexpressed in hematological and solid malignancies. LY2510924 is a potent peptide antagonist of CXCR4. A derivative of LY2510924, BL01, was evaluated for theranostic applications targeting CXCR4. Methods: BL01 was synthesized by solid phase approach. A Lys(ivDde) residue was added at the C-terminus of LY2510924 (cyclo[Phe-Tyr-Lys(iPr)-d-Arg-2-Nal-Gly-d-Glu]-Lys(iPr)-NH2). A DOTA chelator was conjugated to the side chain of the deprotected exogenous Lys residue. The binding affinity of Ga/Lu-BL01 was determined by competitive radioligand binding assays. BL01 was radiolabeled with 68GaCl3 or 177LuCl3. Biodistribution studies were performed in mice bearing Daudi Burkitt's lymphoma tumor xenografts at selected time points. PET imaging studies were performed with [68Ga]Ga-BL01, with blocking experiments performed with preinjection of LY2510924. The stability of [68Ga]Ga/[177Lu]Lu-BL01 was assessed in mouse plasma. Results: Ga-BL01 and Lu-BL01 have nanomolar affinity for CXCR4. [68Ga]Ga-BL01 was obtained in 58 ± 5% decay-corrected radiochemical yields and >99% radiochemical purity with a molar activity of 40 ± 11 GBq/μmol, while [177Lu]Lu-BL01 was obtained in 65 ± 6% decay-corrected radiochemical yields and >99% radiochemical purity with a molar activity of 120 ± 21 GBq/μmol. [68Ga]Ga-BL01 and [177Lu]Lu-BL01 were excreted primarily through the renal pathway. Daudi xenografts were clearly delineated in PET images with good contrast. On the basis of biodistribution data, tumor uptake of [68Ga]Ga-BL01 was 10.2 ± 2.56% injected dose per gram (%ID/g) at 1 h postinjection (p.i.). Spleen (12.6 ± 2.36 %ID/g) and lungs (13.2 ± 2.98 %ID/g), organs that express CXCR4, had high uptake as well. Preinjection of LY2510924 reduced average uptake of [68Ga]Ga-BL01 in tumors by 88%, demonstrating target specificity. The uptake of [68Ga]Ga-BL01 in tumor increased to 15.3 ± 1.86 %ID/g at 2 h p.i., with improved contrast. [177Lu]Lu-BL01 has similar pharmacokinetics as [68Ga]Ga-BL01 at 1 h p.i. The highest uptake was observed in tumor (14.0 ± 1.11 %ID/g), followed by the lungs (13.0 ± 1.27 %ID/g) and spleen (11.6 ± 1.78 %ID/g). The tumor uptake increased to 16.2 ± 2.69 %ID/g at 4 h p.i., before declining slightly to 10.1 ± 1.41 %ID/g at 24 h p.i. Both compounds were stable in vivo, as no metabolites were observed at 5 min p.i. Conclusions: [68Ga]Ga-BL01 and [177Lu]Lu-BL01 are a promising theranostic pair for imaging and endoradiotherapy of CXCR4-expressing malignancies.

KEYWORDS:

CXCR4; LY2510924; chemokine receptor; peptide receptor radionuclide therapy; positron emission tomography

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