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Public Health Nutr. 2019 Dec;22(17):3270-3280. doi: 10.1017/S1368980019002076. Epub 2019 Sep 23.

Pattern and correlates of public support for public health interventions to reduce the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages.

Author information

1
Department of Information and Communication, Université Laval, 1055, Ave du Séminaire, Pav. Casault, Room 5419, G1V 0A6, Quebec City, Canada.
2
Research Centre of the Institut universitaire de cardiologie et de pneumologie de Québec, Quebec City, Canada.
3
School of Nutrition, Université Laval, Quebec City, Canada.
4
Institut sur la nutrition et des aliments fonctionnels, Quebec City, Canada.
5
Institut national de santé publique, Montréal, Canada.
6
Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Université Laval, Quebec City, Canada.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the pattern and correlates of public support for twelve public health interventions aimed at reducing sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional population-based survey. Respondents were recruited using a random digit dialling procedure (landline telephone) and a random selection of telephone numbers (mobile telephone). Sampling quotas were applied for age, and the sample was stratified according to administrative regions.

SETTING:

The province of Québec, Canada.

SUBJECTS:

One thousand adults aged between 18 and 64 years and able to answer the survey questionnaire in French or English.

RESULTS:

Support was observed for a number of public health interventions, but the more intrusive approaches were less supported. Support for taxation as well as for sale and access restriction was positively associated with the perceived relevance of the government intervention, perceived effectiveness, and perceived associations between SSB consumption and chronic diseases. Believing that SSB consumption is a personal choice and daily consumption were generally negatively associated with strong support and positively associated with strong opposition. Sparse associations between sociodemographic and socio-economic characteristics were observed, with the exception of sex and age: women were generally more likely to support the examined public health strategies, while younger respondents were less likely to express support.

CONCLUSIONS:

Increasing perceived effectiveness and government responsibility for addressing the issue of SSB consumption could lead to increased support for SSB interventions. Increasing the belief that SSB consumption could be associated with chronic diseases would increase support, but SSB consumers and younger individuals are expected to be resistant.

KEYWORDS:

Nutrition policies; Public health; Public opinion; Sugar-sweetened beverages

PMID:
31544722
DOI:
10.1017/S1368980019002076

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