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J Educ Health Promot. 2019 Aug 30;8:152. doi: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_375_18. eCollection 2019.

The association of high-risk behaviors and their relationship with identity styles in adolescents.

Author information

1
Nursing Care Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.
2
Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.
3
Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Adolescence is considered an important stage in the onset of high-risk behaviors. Identity styles have significant pathological effects in various aspects of high-risk behaviors. The present study was conducted aiming at investigating the association between high-risk behaviors and identity styles in adolescents.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The present cross-sectional research studied 384 girls and boys studying in the second grade of High School in Babol in 2018. Data collection was done through a demographic questionnaire, Mohammadkhani's Risky Behaviour Questionnaire, and Berzonsky's Identity Style Inventory. Data analysis was performed using Chi-square test, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and linear regression analysis. P ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

RESULTS:

The mean age of adolescents was 17.21 ± 48.4 years (aged 16-19 years). Aggression (23.4%), relationship with the opposite gender (14.5%), smoking cigarettes and hookah (10.9%), consuming alcohol (9.3%), suicidal thoughts and attempts (5.7%), running away from home (3.9%), and consuming psychotropic substances (1.8%) were among the most common high-risk behaviors observed in the adolescents. The scores of high-risk behaviors were negatively correlated with the identity scores of informational style (4.56 ± 3.107), normative style (4.45 ± 2.581), and identity commitment style (4.15 ± 2.245) and positively correlated with the scores of diffuse-avoidant style (4.15 ± 3.089). Regression analysis showed that only the informational style had a negative and significant correlation with high-risk behaviors.

CONCLUSIONS:

The present study showed significant prevalence of high-risk behaviors and its relationship with identity styles in adolescents, which requires regular and planned health education intervention at schools.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescents; high-risk behaviors; identity styles

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